When I looked for the formal definitions of “thrashing” I did not expect to find a computer term, although many things have become metaphors for something technical in the computer world.
“When referring to a computer, thrashing or disk thrashing is a term used to describe when the hard drive is being overworked by moving information between the system memory and virtual memory excessively. Thrashing is often caused when the system does not have enough memory, the system swap file is not properly configured, or too much is running on the computer and it has low system resources. . .
"When thrashing occurs, a user will notice the computer hard drive always working and a decrease in system performance. Thrashing is bad on a hard drive because of the amount of work the hard drive has to do and if is left unfixed will likely cause an early failure of the hard drive.”
The original word, which has an onomatopoeia element (sounds like what it means) is about separating wheat from chaff by beating on the grain stalks, forcing the meat of the seed out of the husk. Since grain harvest is done by machinery now generally -- people use the word to mean beating or fighting. They also use it to describe violent punishment, like a parent beating a child to an extreme, presumably beating out bad traits.
The meaning I want is psychological, but I don’t see it in the definitions. Maybe it’s local but my friend the psychiatric nurse recognized it. I mean a situation when all hope is lost and the body goes into a state of wild random energy, throwing the body around, pulling and pushing -- because there’s no rational way out and there’s nothing left to lose. Once in a while it works. The first time I set my cat trap, the cat I caught (which I never saw, only heard) thrashed around enough to pop the door open and escape.
But decades ago we visited the scene where a grizzly had been trapped and had thrashed but didn’t escape. It had plowed the ground around the point of entrapment to a depth of two feet, it had torn up trees six inches across, it had thrown logs, and bellowed loudly enough to make the sheepherder some distance away cower in his flimsy wagon. The bear did not escape. It is dangerous to approach a thrashing animal to rescue it. When daylight came, they shot the bear.
So people, when trapped in some circumstances with no way out, will throw themselves emotionally against the “walls” of the people around them, especially those with whom they have a strong pre-existing connection. The thrashing brain will see ghosts of all the most feared forces of their lives: oppression, blame, lack of success, punishment instead of love, injustice, on and on and on. The people who are the walls can suffer because cause-and-effect have been disconnected. If they are lucky walls, there won’t be physical violence or only ineffective physical violence -- just verbal attack. If they are not lucky and if the thrasher is armed, the consequences might be in the newspaper. But usually a thrasher is too disorganized to plan. Shooters are deluded but not out of control. They are over-controlling.
Psychology Today, always ready to offer pop ideas, suggests there are two kinds of tantrum, as follows. (Neither is flattering to the person in the storm.) http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/stop-walking-eggshells/201111/blame-storms-and-rage-attacks-common-borderlines-narcissists
"Both borderlines and narcissists get into rages in which they blame and criticize others. However, the rages are slightly different and are motivated by different things. . . . Keeping these differences in mind will help you anticipate the rage and respond when it happens.
"As you know, people with Borderline Personality Disorder are emotionally unstable. . . Their intense and annihilating anger comes from believing that others don't care about them, are not listening to them, or are not meeting their core needs. Their pain is your punishment. You're still, though, the equal in the relationship.
"The anger of narcissists, on the other hand, can be more demeaning. Their criticism evolves from their conviction that others don't meet their lofty standards--or worse, aren't letting them get their own way. "Narcissistic injuries," or wounds to the ego, often pave the way for narcissistic rages, which can be passive-aggressive or planned out, as well as sudden. They are above you and you have displeased them and probably deserve punishment they will dole out."
Neither of these ideas addresses the desperation of someone fighting for survival. Nor do they consider how much a person who is desperate is exploited by other people who can passively and “innocently” deny help, thereby adding more insult and entrapment. They see a person “in the stocks” -- that old punishment of trapping someone’s head and hands so that they are vulnerable -- and can’t resist throwing rotten objects at them.
Most of the advice in Psychology Today is meant for young adults in relationships or raising children. I don’t read it often. This recent study is more helpful.
“A study, published in the March 2014 issue of Psychology and Aging, examined 1,315 men — mostly military veterans who participated in a 15-year survey — between the ages of 53 and 85. Some 80 percent said that at age 50, life became easier.” But then at seventy things get rough: people die, health declines, money runs out, people are no longer listening, past accomplishments are forgotten. Then there’s the added element of Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome, having been in life-threatening circumstances that demanded extreme reaction: killing, extreme exertion, high risk, major loss. More than one veteran has told me that it is a truism that when a person has no idea what to do, that all indications are gone but the danger is extreme, it is much better to do anything than nothing. Even if all you can do is thrash people with your cane. You might accidentally strike the one holding a gun and knock it to the ground.
When I was working at a nursing home, one of the patients had been an aide in that same place. She was much admired and loved by everyone. When she became a patient, she lost her mind and began thrashing: that is, screaming, throwing herself around, striking people, in what looked like self-destruction and is called “acting out.” Finally she was sedated into unconsciousness for the sake of the people around her. If her sane and healthy self had known, she would have been mortified. But one couldn’t help but speculate (Freudian-style) about whether she had been repressing irritation and impatience all along and now that the restraints were weakened, they were bursting out. I think that’s putting a psych layer onto something that was purely physical -- not even spiritual, but merely (!!) the desperate attempt of a body to find some way out.
In the days with Bob Scriver we shot a gopher every summer morning in order to feed the eagle. A raptor that doesn’t get roughage (fur and bones) will die. I got pretty handy with a .22 and there was usually a choice between shooting the critter in the head or the heart. If you shot them in the head, there were enough reflexes left in the spine so that they thrashed and often the thrashing took them down their hole. No breakfast for the eagle. If you shot them in the heart, that was it -- they dropped. Things are simpler with ground squirrels.
But even a grumpy old man who “acts out” is trying to survive with the resources at hand. If he has a lot of "backbone," it will be hard for everyone. "The system does not have enough memory, the system swap file is not properly configured, or too much is running on the computer and it has low system resources."